Russia has floated its new state-of-the-art nuclear-powered multipurpose submarine called Kazan, second vessel of Yasen class.
The Russian Navy will take delivery of Kazan in 2018, after sea trials. Once the vessel is operational, she will be the most formidable enemy submarine that the U.S. & NATO has ever faced.
According to one of the U.S. Navy’s top submarine officers, Rear Admiral Dave Johnson.
“We’ll be facing tough potential opponents. One only has to look at the Severodvinsk, [first vessel of Yasen class], Russia’s version of a nuclear guided missile submarine (SSGN). I am so impressed with this ship that I had build a model from unclassified da ta so that he could look at it every day on his way to his office”.
It must be noted that Kazan is more advanced that even Severodvinsk, which was referred to by Rear Admiral Dave Johnson.
Let us now go into the details.


Kazan is the second boat of the Yasen class, separated from the first by 16 years (1993-2009). Considerable changes were made to this from the first vessel Severodvinsk.
The Russian navy declared that the submarine would be improved in comparison to Severodvinsk.
Differences in the project have appeared sufficient to consider it as a new updated version named Yasen-M.
Yasen-M is intended as a substantial improvement, based on the lessons learned from the lengthy development, construction, and testing process for the original Yasen class.

The Yasen class vessels are a departure from previous Soviet and Russian submarine designs. Unlike older Soviet vessels, submarines of this class are multi-mission boats similar in concept to American vessels like the Seawolf or Virginia classes.
The Yasen-M class vessels are 120 meters long, have a submerged displacement of 13800 tons, and can travel up to 31 knots (57 kph) while submerged. They are also designed to dive to a maximum depth of 600 meters.
Each ship of this class is designed to operate independently for up to 100 days.

The submarine has massive armament capacity and is capable of anti-submarine, anti-ship, and land-attack missions. 
Compared to the first vessel of-class, Kazan will reportedly have 2 more VLS silos that are 10, compared to 8 on Severodvinsk, and 2 fewer torpedo tubes 8, compared to 10 on Severodvinsk.
The 10 VLS silos can carry 40 [ 10 x 4 ] Oniks missile, or 50 [ 10 x 5 ] Kalibr anti-ship missile.
Oniks is supersonic anti-ship cruise missile, capable of speed upto Mach 2.5 and has a range of 600 km. This will be used in Anti Ship role.
The Kalibr is equivalent to the American Tomahawk cruise missile in many parameters such as range, warhead and propulsion.
It has a 2500 km range, a 450 kg (1000 pound) high-explosive warhead and a turbofan engine. Similar to Tomahawk, it has a speed of 0.8 mach. This will be used for Land Attacks.

The 8 torpedo tubes of 650mm, can carry 24 [ 8 x 3 ] heavy weight torpedoes. These can be equipped with Type 65 torpedo for Anti Submarine warfare. The torpedo has a range of 50 km at 93 km/h and 100 km at 56 km/h.


Russia plans to build a total of 7 Yasen class submarines. 4 of these Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Arkhangelsk and Perm are currently under construction, at the Sevmash shipyards at the White Sea port city of Severodvinsk.

Russia’s growing state-of-the-art submarine fleet is apparently generating anxiety among the US military. In June 2016, Vice Admiral James Foggo 3, commander of the US 6th Fleet, wrote in the June issue of the US Naval Institute’s magazine that, “an effective, skilled, and technologically advanced Russian submarine force is challenging” NATO’s maritime dominance.

Not only is Russia developing more powerful submarines but is also deploying them in more patrols.
Admiral Vladimir Korolyov, the commander-in-chief of the Russian navy, said his submarine crews spent more than 3,000 days under the water last year alone.

He added, Russian subs are patrolling the seas at levels last seen during the Cold War.

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